Visual approach

Flight should be planned with at least 10% remaining fuel on touchdown. A normal landing pattern uses about 8% fuel.

1. Reduce airspeed to Vi 550 km/h during approach.

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2. Check the backup attitude indicator. Fast erect if needed.

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3. Extend the landing gear. Check landing gear indicator (3 green fields)

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4. Landing light ON (LANDNING)

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5. Preselect thrust reversal if desired. (Please reference the "Thrust reverser use" section on the next pages ahead)

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6. Check brake pressure (200- 270 kp/cm2).

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7. Set HUD reflector to lower setting (landing mode). Set master mode LANDN PAR/ OPT.

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8. Do not fly below an airspeed corresponding to 12° α (AoA).

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9. Turn final during descent with a minimum airspeed corresponding to 12° α (AoA).

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10. Aim for a 3° angle of descent and reduce airspeed to correspond to 12° α (AoA). The line in the HUD during LANDN P/O corresponds to 2.86°.

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11. Place the descent line on the runway threshold and centre the sight dot on the centreline, steer the flight path indicator onto the line. Maintain attitude. Strive for a touchdown at about 100-200 metres in on the runway.

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12. At 15 metres altitude above the runway (30 if not using the radar altimeter), the HUD will change to the descent rate mode. The previous 2.86° line represents the maximum vertical velocity (2.96 m/s).

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13. Thrust reversal (if preselected) will activate once nose wheel is depressed.

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